RSS Feed

Posts Tagged ‘instruction’

  1. Video Game Level Design Reflects Challenges in Education

    May 5, 2011 by Josh Caldwell

    Thanks to my PLN, I scan through a ton of education articles every day, parsing much more information than I could hope to encounter on my own. Sometimes, though, the best finds come when pursuing my other interests. Sometimes I just can’t help but view everything in my life through my teacher-glasses.

    Case in point, Shaun Inman’s post about video game level design.

    Good level design coaxes a player into first discovering then utilizing their abilities in a variety of situations. It requires balancing revelation and repetition.

    Mentally I replace “level” with “course” and “player” with “student” – all of the sudden I’m back to thinking about my students (how do they get into my head like that???).

    Shaun goes on to discuss the process of introducing and reinforcing basic skills and game parameters before presenting the player with tasks that require more sophisticated interactions. So, by gradually introducing new obstacles, players (students) are allowed to experience successful mastery of a skill before moving on to another. Then, just as players master the core skills, they’ve got to discover how those skills interact with other game elements. All of these building blocks have to be mastered and reinforced before a player can beat the game. You fail to master a skill, you don’t move on, you don’t win. The game doesn’t keep going without you, instead it ask you to practice until you’re reading to progress – at your own pace.

    What does this approach reveal about the learning aspect of games? Game design necessitates a balance of success and challenge; games that are near-impossible to succeed are no fun (except to the die-hards) and games that are too easy provide no engaging challenge. You can’t think about the final goal without deeply considering how to build in the frequent, achievable-yet-challenging goals that take you there.

    The message to educators – we need to spend more time on the level design. We need to teach players to run, jump, and shoot before we toss them at the final boss. We need to allow players to discover the parameters, reinforce skills, and make their own way through the levels. We can’t force a student a student onto level 2 when they haven’t mastered the skills to beat level 1.

    The article ends with some questions that will be very familiar to educators.

    How long should each level be? With what frequency do I introduce new concepts and threats? At what stage do single threat introductory screens become patronizing rather than educational? Repetition is necessary for learning but at what point does the lesson become too repetitive?

    I have a feeling that trial and error is the name of the game from this point on and a hope that experience will eventually start answering those questions before the handwringing sets in.


  2. TIL A New Word

    April 20, 2011 by David

    Today I learned about a word I had never heard before: pseudo-teaching (PT). I came across this term at a great blog Action/Reaction that has an entire thread devoted to it here. This word is used to describe something that looks like teaching, sounds like teaching, might even smell like teaching (but that’s probably the students …) but isn’t actually teaching. So how do you know? How do you find out if you are teaching or pseudo-teaching?

    Ask yourself, “What is the purpose of teaching?”



    I’ll wait …



    If you came up with something close to “so the students will learn” then we’re thinking along the same lines. But now here is another question, “How do you know when the student has learned something?”

    That’s the kicker. We might be used to students telling us about how boring or fun a lesson was or if they thought they learned something but how do we really know?

    Assess them. We’ll hold off with the caveat that the assessment must be aligned to the learning targets or intended outcomes so let’s just pretend for the sake of argument that it’s a great assessment that shows what the student knows and can do, or not, as the case may be.

    So back to the original question of how to pick out pseudo-teaching vs. teaching:

    1. Pre-assessment
    2. Instruction/practice
    3. Post-assessment

    How effective was Step #2? What was the change between 1 & 3? If the change was small (or even negative) it was probably pseudo-teaching.

  3. Games are a fun way to teach kids

    January 20, 2010 by David

    Kenneth Scott makes the argument that although some games don’t teach specific content they do help kids practice other skills like reasoning and reading. Also, most of the time if a kid is having fun playing a game they don’t realize they are learning something too! We like to call this “Ninja Instruction”, which is the best type of instruction.

    Personally, though, I learned a ton from Carmen Sandiego when I was growing up. How else do you get a kid to read a World Atlas for goodness sake?

    [Image from Japan Probe]